Vegetable Planting Schedule

This gardening calendar is intended as a 'rule of thumb' guide for vegetables.

In warmer areas the sowing / planting dates may be 2-3 weeks earlier, and in cooler areas 2-3 weeks later.

Month What to sow / plant To do on the plot What's in season
January
Time to start planning
Rhubarb Complete winter digging
Clean greenhouse
Order seed
Sprouts, cabbage, leeks, parsnips, chicory,
celery, kale
February
The coldest month of
the year
Early lettuce, cabbages,
salad onions, carrots (under cloches), cauliflowers (in a heated frame)
Dress beds with lime where cabbages, sprouts, cauliflowers and broccoli
are to be sown
Order asparagus plants
and prepare the bed
Chit potatoes
Sprouts, cabbage, leeks, parsnips, chicory,
celery, kale
March
Start of the gardening season
Outside:
Broad beans, spinach, early peas, cabbage, sprouts, parsley, onions, carrots, shallots, salad leaves
Under glass:
Tomatoes, chillis, aubergines
Dig soil as winter crops
are lifted and dress with superphosphate and potash (leave for 2 weeks before next sowing)
Chit potatoes
Late sprouts, spring greens, broccoli, chicory, kale, early salads (from frames)
April
Longer days
and warmer temperatures
Outside:
Potatoes, broad beans, spinach, peas, cabbage, sprouts, cauliflowers, onions, parsnips, chicory, beetroot, salad leaves,
harden off plants sown in frames
Under glass:
Runner beans, courgettes, cucumbers, melons, pot on tomatoes
Prepare trenches for
runner beans and chicory
Lift and divide herbs
Clear the last sprouts
Hoe between rows to reduce weeding later
Late sprouts, spring greens, broccoli, chicory, kale, early salads (from frames)
May
Late spring showers, warmer days and ideal growing conditions
Outside:
Maincrop peas, French beans, savoys, carrots, parsnips, beetroot
Successional outside:
Beetroot, salad leaves, spinach
Under cloches:
Sweet corn, runner beans, marrows
Cut asparagus shoots from plants more than 2 years old
Thin out early sowings of beetroot, cauliflowers, lettuce
Protect tops of early potatoes from late frosts
Mulch between rows of peas and beans
Dress beds intended for carrots, parsnips and
beetroot with superphospahte and potash 2 weeks before sowing
Prepare a new compost heap; turn an old one
Winter cauliflower, sprouting broccoli, kale, early salads
June
Long warm days, short nights and plants grow quickly
Outside:
Cauliflowers, cabbage, early sprouts, marrows, courgettes, sweet corn, carrots, tomatoes, runner beans
Successional outside:
Beetroot, peas, salad leaves, spinach
Make runner bean frame
Remove early broad bean tops to reduce blackfly attack
Earth up potatoes
Thin early sowings
Hoe between rows
Hand weed between
onions and shallots
Dry off garlic
Liquid feed onions, root crops and cauliflowers
Broad beans, spinach, garlic, carrots, radish, salad leaves, cauliflowers (overwintered in frame)
July
A month of
hot, dry days (maybe)
Outside:
Early peas to follow maincrop variety (may produce a late but small crop), spring cabbage for overwintering, leeks
Feed, stake and side
shoot tomatoes
Feed marrows, courgettes and cucumbers
Water, particularly in dry weather
Earth up potatoes
Dry off garlic
Train cucumbers, pinch out tips when fruit is set
Beans, peas, early potatoes, garlic, cabbage, cauliflower, salad leaves, beetroot, globe artichoke
August
Long hot
days and little rainfall, crops mature and weeds grow
Leeks, late cabbage, winter salads (corn salad, land cress, winter radish), Florence fennel Pick runner beans frequently
Thin maincrop beetroot, carrots, turnip
Pinch out tomato tips when 4-6 trusses have been set
Dry off shallots
Beans, peas, maincrop potatoes, shallots,
courgettes, tomatoes,
chillis, cucumbers
September
The days draw in, the temperature falls and the wind blows
Winter lettuce, spring cabbage Bend onion tops over to encourage ripening
Lift maincrop potatoes to prevent slug damage
Earth up leeks to protect against wind damage
Dry off shallots and onions
Turn compost heap
Runner beans, late peas, sweet corn, marrows, tomatoes, cucumbers, chillis, aubergines, salad leaves, salad onions, onions, potatoes, beetroot, carrots, parsnips, turnips, squashes, pumpkins
October
Shorter days
and longer nights of
autumn, with plenty still to do
Winter lettuce, garlic Cut down peas and beans, leaving roots in the ground to return air-borne nitrogen
Store away canes and cloches if not in use
Earth up leeks to protect against wind damage
Dry off onions
Dig ground as it
becomes vacant
Turn compost heap
Early sprouts, cauliflowers, parsnips, carrots, beetroot, squashes, pumpkins, spinach, lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, chillis, aubergines, salad leaves
November
Wind and rain
as winter approaches and the season draws to an end
Peas (hardy varieties, in soil not prone to waterlogging) Dig ground as it
becomes vacant
Remove yellow leaves
from sprouts
Check stored crops for
signs of damage
Clear away remains of summer
crops to compost heap
Turn compost heap
Parsnips, carrots, swedes, turnips, sprouts, cabbage, kale, onions
December
The short days
of early winter bring frost, snow and storms
Shallots ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest day") Prepare ground
for next year
Add manure or
compost to beds
Force rhubarb
Sterilize greenhouse
tomato soil if it is not being changed
Check stored crops for
signs of damage
Sprouts, winter cabbage, leeks, parsnips, onions, kale